Spread the love

Fibrous Dysplasia Radiology – Location, periphery, internal structure, effects on surrounding structures

1. Location

Involves the maxilla almost twice often as the mandible

Most commonly posterior region

Commonly unilateral and very rarely bilateral

2. Periphery

Periphery of the lesion is most commonly ill-defined and blends imperceptibly with the normal bone

The periphery of the young lesions sometimes appears to be sharp and even corticated.

Watch the video for detailed explanation

3. Internal structures

Density and trabecular pattern of the lesion vary considerably

Variation is more pronounced in Mandible and more homogenous in maxilla

Internal aspect of FD
Internal aspect of FD

The internal aspect of bone is of 3 types

  • More radiolucent than normal
  • Less radiolucent than normal
  • Mixture of these 2 lesions
Internal aspect of Fibrous dysplasia
Internal aspect of Fibrous dysplasia

The early lesions appear as a cyst like radiolucency in the jaws

Sometimes it appears to have granular internal septa, giving internal aspect a multilocular appearance

Trabeculae – Abnormal trabeculae usually are shorter, thinner, irregularly shaped and more numerous than normal trabeculae

The altered trabeculae may give rise to various appearance such as-

-Orange peel (Peau D’orange)

-Ground glass

-Thumb print

-Cotton wool

Fibrous dysplasia radiology types
Fibrous dysplasia radiology types

Simple bone cyst like bone cavities are seen and occurs more commonly in mandibular lesions

4. Effects on surrounding structures

Small lesion has no effect on surrounding structure

Typically cause enlargement of the bone from within cause ribbon like thinning of cortex

Expansion of the bone is even along it’s length rather than the more concentric expansion seen with benign tumors

Vertical depth of the mandible is often increased

Expansion pattern of fibrous dysplasia
Expansion pattern of fibrous dysplasia

In the maxilla the lesion encroaches the sinus usually from the lateral-wall and last section of the sinus to be involved is the most postero-superior portion

Normal anatomic shape of the antrum is most oftenly maintained

Lamina dura of the teeth in the affected area of the bone become indistinct.

PDL space may appear to be very narrow

FD can displace teeth and interfere with normal eruption

Fibrous dysplasia IOPA findings
Fibrous dysplasia IOPA findings

Superior displacement of the IAN can is another typical finding of FD Rarely there is root resorption

Fibrous dysplasia IOPA findings 2
Fibrous dysplasia IOPA findings 2
Fibrous dysplasia unique radiological findings
Fibrous dysplasia unique radiological findings

Spread the love
Pin It
error: Content is protected !!