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ST segment elevation Mnemonic – Easy way to remember ST elevation (ECG) CAUSES

The ST segment is the flat, isoelectric section of the ECG between the end of the S wave (the J point) and the beginning of the T wave.

The ST Segment represents the interval between ventricular depolarization and repolarization.
The most important cause of ST segment abnormality (elevation or depression) is myocardial ischaemia or infarction.

This mnemonic will help you remember the causes of ST elevation.

Here the mnemonic is “ELEVATION” 

E – Electrolytes

L – LBBB (Left bundle branch block)

E – Early repolarisation

V – Ventricular hypertrophy

A – Aneurysm 

T – Treatment – pericardiocentesis

I – Injury (acute myocardial infarction, contusion)

O – Osborne waves (in hypothermia)

N – Non-occlusive vasospasm


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